5. Joggins Fossil Cliffs in Nova Scotia
Home to an abundance of the world’s most important fossil discoveries, Joggins Fossil Cliffs is not only beautiful, but also geologically significant. It was here in 1851 that famed authors and geologists, Sir Charles Lyell and J. William Dawson first discovered fossilized creatures that pre-dated the dinosaurs: amphibians, millipedes, snails and early reptiles were found encased in fossilized trees. This unprecedented find gave the world its first proof that land animals thrived during the earth’s “Coal Age” 300 million years ago. With the recurrent erosion of the Bay of Fundy tides, the Joggins Cliffs continually unveil new fossil discoveries. Today, visitors can learn about the 195+ species uncovered here and experience a guided tour of the famous cliffs.
This gruelling guided hike offers a glimpse of the world-famous fossils of the Burgess Shale.