Underground Funicular in Turkey
A funicular is an inclined railway in which a tram is moved up and down a hill with a cable. Istanbul’s Tünel is an underground version. The route is just over half a kilometre and covers the 60-metre height distance between the seaside on the Golden Horn and the beginning of the famous pedestrian mall that is İstiklal Caddesi (Avenue) in Beyoğlu. The funicular opened on December 5, 1874 making this the second oldest subway in the world after London’s Underground. The funicular has been so effective that the city added another one nearby to connect the ferry terminal with the subway system up top.