30 Painless Ways to Add More Fibre to Your Diet
We hear all the time how important it is to add fibre to our diets. Here's how to plant more "good carbs" into your diet by eating healthy sources of fibre.
How to Add More Fibre to Your Diet (Without Even Trying)
Virtually every weight-loss program welcomes “good carbs” as part of a healthy, lean, long-term diet. “Good carbs” refers to complex carbohydrates, foods like whole grains, nuts, beans, and seeds that are composed largely of complex sugar molecules requiring lots of time and energy to digest into the simple sugars your body needs for fuel.
One of the biggest benefits of foods rich in complex carbs is that they also contain large amounts of fibre. Fibre, in basic terms, is the indigestible parts of plant foods. It is the husk on the grain of wheat, the thin strands in celery, the crunch of the apple, the casings on edible seeds. Fibre protects you from heart disease, cancer, and digestive problems. Depending on the type of fibre (there is more than one!), it lowers cholesterol, helps with weight control, and regulates blood sugar.
Bottom line: This is one nutrient you don’t want to miss. And that was before so many people started cutting carbs for weight loss, without realizing they were also cutting out healthy dietary fibre. Here’s how to sneak “good carbs” and extra fibre into your daily diet with a minimum of effort.
Eat a fibre-rich cereal every day for breakfast
Ideally, aim for a whole grain, unsweetened cereal with at least 4 grams of fibre per serving. Just eating any cereal might be enough, however. A University of California study found that cereal eaters tend to eat more fibre and less fat than non-cereal eaters. Healthy, high-fibre cereals you might want to consider include Kellogg’s All-Bran Original, Kashi GOLEAN, and Kellogg’s Raisin Bran.
Prefer a hot breakfast? Find out why oatmeal is one of the healthiest breakfast options.
Eat two apples every day
Not just to keep the doctor away, but because apples are a good source of pectin, a soluble fibre that contributes to a feeling of fullness and digests slowly. One study found that 5 grams of pectin was enough to leave people feeling satisfied for up to four hours.
Brush up on more health benefits of apples.
Make a yogurt mix for breakfast
Take one small container of yogurt and mix in 1/3 cup All-Bran cereal, 1 tablespoon ground flaxseeds, and 5 large, diced strawberries for a whopping 12.2 grams of fibre—nearly half your daily allowance!
Snack on baby carrots and broccoli florets
Dip them into low-fat ranch dressing as your afternoon snack three days a week. You’ll fill up the empty space in your tummy while getting about 5 grams of fibre in each cup of veggies.
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Keep trail mix in your car and office for the munchies
Mix together peanuts, raisins, a high-fibre cereal, and some chocolate-covered soy nuts. Allow yourself one handful for a sweet, yet high-fibre, snack.
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Switch to whole-grain crackers
You’d never think a tiny cracker can make a difference, but one regular whole wheat cracker has 1/2 gram of fibre. Ten crackers give you 5 grams of fibre. So next time, spread your peanut butter on whole-grain crackers (look for brands that proclaim they’re trans-fat-free) instead of bread.
Mix your regular cereal with the high-fibre stuff
Okay, we’ll be honest. We wouldn’t want to face an entire bowl of All-Bran either. But just 1/3 cup packs a walloping 8.5 grams of fibre. Mix it with an equal amount of, say, Apple Cinnamon Cheerios and you’ll barely know it’s there (but you will be one-third of the way to your daily fibre intake).
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Add kidney beans or chickpeas to your next salad
A quarter cup of kidney beans or chickpeas adds an additional 5 grams of dietary fibre, notes Lisa Andrews, R.D., a nutritionist at the VA Medical Center in Cincinnati.
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Make sure that the first ingredient in whole-grain products has the word “whole” in it
If it says multi-grain, seven-grain, nutra-grain, cracked wheat, stone-ground wheat, unbromated wheat or enriched wheat, it’s not whole wheat, and thus is lacking some of the vitamins and minerals, not to mention fibre, of whole grains.
This is the real difference between whole grain and whole wheat.
Every week, try one “exotic” grain
How about amaranth, bulgur, or wheatberries? Most are as simple to fix as rice, yet packed with fibre and flavour. Mix in some steamed carrots and broccoli, toss with olive oil and a bit of Parmesan or feta cheese, maybe throw in a can of tuna or a couple of ounces of cut-up chicken, and you’ve got dinner. Or serve as a side dish to chicken or fish. Make sure all grains you try are whole grains.
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Once a week, make pearl barley as a side dish
One cup sports 10 grams of fibre, nearly half your daily allotment. And, it doesn’t require any soaking before cooking!
Sneak in oatmeal
Use regular oatmeal in place of bread crumbs for meat loaf and meatballs, sprinkle it atop casseroles and ice cream, bake it into cookies and muffins, and add it to homemade breads and cakes.
Use whole wheat bread to make your sandwich every day
Even Subway and other such sandwich shops offer whole wheat options for lunchtime munching. If you want to gradually break into the whole wheat club, use whole wheat bread as the bottom slice of your sandwich and regular bread as the top layer, suggests Joan Salge Blake, R.D., clinical assistant professor of nutrition at Boston University’s Sargent College. Eventually, make the switch to whole grains.
Check out the surprising health benefits of pumpernickel bread.
Every week, switch from a white food to a brown food
So instead of instant white rice, switch to instant brown rice. Instead of regular pasta, you switch to whole wheat pasta. Similarly, whole wheat pitas instead of regular, whole wheat burritos instead of corn, whole wheat couscous instead of regular. Within two months, you should be eating only whole grains, and should have increased your daily fibre consumption by an easy 10 grams without radically changing your diet!
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Spread your sandwich with 1/2 cup hummus
Bam! You just got 7.5 grams of fibre in a tasty package. Lay some spinach leaves and a tomato slice atop for another couple of grams.
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Make beans a part of at least one meal a day
They’re packed with fibre (15 grams in just a cup of black beans) and, since they come canned, so easy to use. Just rinse before using to remove excess sodium. (Learn to spot the signs you’re eating too much salt.) Here are some tips for getting your beans:
- Puree a can of cannelloni beans for a tasty dip. Add 2 cloves garlic and a tablespoon each of lemon juice and olive oil to the blender. Use as a dip for veggies and whole grain crackers.
- Spread non-fat refried beans on a whole wheat burrito and sprinkle with chopped chicken and shredded cheese.
- Use 1/2 cup black beans and salsa as a filling for your morning omelette.
- Make a bean salad with canned black beans, fresh or frozen corn kernels, chopped cilantro, chopped onion, and chopped tomato. Drizzle with olive oil and a dash of vinegar, salt, and pepper.
- Make your own special chili pizza. Top a prepared (whole wheat) pizza crust with some kidney beans, shredded cheese, and ground turkey cooked with chili flavourings.
- Start serving edamame (soybeans) as a side dish. You’ll get 4 grams of fibre in 2/3 cup of the sweet legumes, not to mention the cancer-fighting phytonutrients inherent in soy.
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Add pureed cauliflower to mashed potatoes
You won’t taste a difference, but you will get some extra fibre, say the nutrition twins, Tammy Lakatos Shames, R.D., and Lyssie Lakatos, R. D. The two are the authors of Fire Up Your Metabolism: 9 Proven Principles for Burning Fat and Losing Weight Forever.
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Have a beet salad for dinner
Beets are ultra nutritious with virtually no fat, no cholesterol, no sodium, quite a bit of potassium, and 2 grams of fibre. Try roasting whole, peeled beets for 45 minutes, chilling, then dicing into a summer salad.
Make rice pudding for dessert tonight
Only instead of white rice, use brown rice.
Bonus: Boosting your fibre intake is an effective home remedy for constipation.
Snack on popcorn
The microwave variety works just fine, but we prefer air-popped popcorn without the oil. Each cup of popcorn delivers 1.2 grams of fibre.
Switch to whole wheat flour when baking
You can start by going half and half, eventually using only whole wheat flour for all your cooking needs.
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Throw some flaxseeds, wheat germ, or other high-fibre add-ins into batter
They add crunch to your cookies, muffins, and breads—and loads of fibre.
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Eat the skin of your baked and sweet potatoes
Eating baked potatoes with the skin instead of mashed ups the fibre at least 3 grams (depending on the size of the potato).
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Start every dinner with a mixed green salad
Not only will it add fibre, but with a low-calorie vinaigrette dressing, it will partially fill you up with very few calories, and thus offers great benefits in weight loss or weight control.
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Always add lettuce and tomato slices rather than cheese to sandwiches
Not only do they add fibre, but they also reduce calories.
You’ll also want to avoid these mistakes most people make when buying bread.
Use beans or lentils as the main protein source for dinner once or twice a week
A classic dish such as pasta e fagioli works well.
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Make your fibre sources suit the seasons
A cold lentil salad, or corn and black bean salad in summer, then vegetarian chili in winter.
This handy infographic shows when all fresh fruits and vegetables are in season.
Snack on dried fruit every day
Tasty, chewy, satisfying, easy to eat on the go—and loaded with fibre. Try dried apricots, dates, figs, peaches, pears, and bananas.
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Drink your fibre
Make your own smoothies by blending whole fruits (cut out the big seeds). If everything in the fruit goes into your glass, you’ll get the fibre from the edible peel, often missing from fruit juice.
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Drink plenty of water
You need water to help the fibre pass through your digestive system without getting, ahem, stuck. So as you’re increasing the fibre in your diet, also increase the amount of water or other unsweetened beverages you’re getting. (Find out what happens to your body when you start drinking eight glasses of water a day.) Also, don’t up your fibre load all at once. That’s just going to overwhelm your system, leading to gas, bloating, and constipation. Instead, start slowly. Try one tip a week for the first couple of weeks, then two, then three. By week four or five, you should be up to the full 25-30 grams—or more.
Next, check out the iron-rich foods you should be adding to your diet.