The Fascinating Story Behind Every Provincial Flower
How well do you know your Canadian history? Find out which gorgeous floral emblem represents your home province or territory—and the fascinating reasons why each provincial flower was chosen in the first place.
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Yukon – Fireweed
Commonly found along roadsides and river bars in the region, the fireweed became Yukon’s floral emblem in 1957. Known for its hardiness, it’s also one of the first plants to appear after forest fires—hence the name.
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British Columbia – Pacific Dogwood
The instantly recognizable Pacific dogwood technically isn’t a flower, but a tree! Native to the southwest region of the province, it became British Columbia’s floral emblem in 1956. Unfortunately, this pretty species has long been a target of anthracnose, a fungal disease—the Pacific dogwood has declined in numbers in recent years as a result.
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Northwest Territories – Mountain Avens
These attractive plants, which are native to Canada’s western and Arctic regions, became the Northwest Territories’s floral emblem in 1957. While mountain avens are a member of the rose family, they only grow in high, rocky terrain and bloom from June to July.
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Alberta – Wild Rose
Alberta is one of three provinces to leave the selection of its provincial flowers to schoolchildren. Though it grows across Canada, the wild rose was officially adopted to symbolize Alberta’s diversity, history and landscape after its youngsters voted for it in 1930.
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Saskatchewan – Western Red Lily
Thanks to the Saskatchewan Natural History Society, the western red lily became the province’s floral emblem in 1941. Twenty-eight years later, it gained a boost in popularity when it was chosen to appear on Saskatchewan’s flag. (Anthony Drake, a schoolteacher who was originally from the United Kingdom, was responsible for the design.)
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Manitoba – Prairie Crocus
This lovely lavender flower is one of the oldest provincial flowers: it was selected by schoolchildren in a province-wide vote in 1906.
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Nunavut – Purple Saxifrage
When Nunavut split from the Northwest Territories in 1999, a vast list of new, important decisions needed to be made—including crowning a new floral emblem. The following year, the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut voted unanimously to adopt the lovely purple saxifrage as the territory’s official flower. (It’s also featured on Nunavut’s coat of arms.)
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Ontario – White Trillium
Unlike other provincial flowers on this list, Ontario’s floral emblem is rooted in tragedy: after the First World War, a committee chose the white trillium to be planted on the graves of Canadian servicemen buried overseas. It was not until 1937, however, that the white trillium was adopted as Ontario’s floral emblem. (Contrary to popular belief, it’s not illegal to pick white trilliums—but it’s not recommended, either.)
Quebec – Blue Flag
For 36 years, Quebec’s floral emblem was the Madonna lily; to many, it resembled the fleur-de-lis on Quebec’s—and France’s—flag. There was just one problem: the Madonna lily doesn’t grown in Quebec and, as a result, a botanist named Jacques Rousseau began to advocate for a new emblem. In 1999, the province officially chose the native Blue Flag as the Madonna lily’s replacement. (The decision was somewhat cheekily titled, “An Act respecting the flag and emblems of Québec.”)
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New Brunswick – Purple Violet
The striking Purple Violet became New Brunswick’s official flower in 1936, thanks to input from the Women’s Institute, the Lieutenant Governor and the province’s schoolchildren.
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Nova Scotia – Mayflower
Declared Nova Scotia’s floral emblem in 1901, the mayflower is the oldest provincial flower in Canada. Its association with the province dates back even further, however: the mayflower was first used as a decorative motif on the front page of The Nova Scotian in 1825.
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Prince Edward Island – Lady’s Slipper
The lady’s slipper, a botanical cousin of the orchid, has 12 species, three of which are found in Prince Edward Island. (The hardest to find is yellow, with pink being easiest.) It became the province’s floral emblem in 1947.
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Newfoundland and Labrador – Purple Pitcher Plant
The purple pitcher plant is the only carnivorous provincial flower! Native to the area, it was chosen by Queen Victoria to appear on the newly created Newfoundland penny in 1863. It was officially made the floral emblem in 1954, shortly after the province joined the Confederation.
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