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How to Compost

Ready to get even greener and cut the amount of trash you haul to the curb every week in half? Composting is an eco-friendly option you can do right in your own backyard. For 31 years, Vancouver’s City Farmer has been showing people how to compost. Here’s their step-by-step guide to creating your own compost.  

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Don’t toss out those potato peels, banana skins and eggshells. All of these organic items can be composted, right in your own backyard.

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Shade or Sun?

Place compost bin in shade or sun. Keep area around the bin clear.

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Wire Mesh

Place wire mesh under the bin to make it more rodent-resistant.

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Leaves are the MOST important ingredient. Layer with grass, weeds, food scraps.

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Old Garbage Bins

Use old garbage bins to store fall leaves. Collect lots of leaves!

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Food Scraps

Add food scraps: only raw fruit, veggies, coffee grounds, tea bags, egg shells.

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No Cooked Food

No pasta, rice, bread, meat, fish, oil… no cooked food.

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Food Waste

Every time you add food waste, cover it with yard waste.

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Plant Trimmings

Add plant trimmings from the garden.

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Cut Up!

Cut up all waste into small pieces so it will compost faster.

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Add some grass. Leave most of your clippings on the lawn to decompose.

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Aerators provide air to the pile.


For more product tips and information on organic gardening, be sure to visit City Farmer.

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Poke the pile with the aerator every few weeks.

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Many bugs in the bin help break down the waste. For example, sow bugs.

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City Waste Bin

Large garden waste and pernicious weeds can go in the city’s yard waste bin.

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6 to 8 months

Open the composter and remove finished compost in six to eight months.

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Improve the Soil

Add finished compost to garden beds to improve the soil.


For more news, tips and information on organic gardening, be sure to visit City Farmer.