13 Things You Should Know About Car Maintenance

Conducting proper maintenance on your vehicle can extend the life of your car, and most importantly, potentially save you a lot of money down the road. These 13 maintenance tips will keep you on the right track.

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Car maintenance tips include choosing proper fluids for brakesPhoto: Shutterstock

1. Choose the Proper Fluids for Brakes, Cooling and Other Systems

For models built after the year 2000, "it's crucial that you use the manufacturer's fluids or equivalents," says Jason D'Amico, professor of automotive technology at Centennial College in Toronto. If you decide not to, transmissions and other components may be noisy or perform poorly.

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Man checking air pressure of car tirePhoto: Shutterstock

2. Prioritize Your Tires

When they don't have enough tread, you aren't able to stop quickly or handle slippery roads. "Place a dime in one of the tire's grooves, with the Bluenose's sails pointing down," says Glenn Maidment, president of the Tire and Rubber Association of Canada. If you can see all of the sails, the tire needs replacing.

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Man filling air into his car tiresPhoto: Shutterstock

3. Air Can Save You Money

It takes more energy to roll on an under-inflated tire, and you can lose 0.3 per cent of your fuel mileage if one of yours is just a pound of air short. About half of all Canadian vehicles have at least one tire that's 10 per cent above or below its recommended pressure.

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Generic silver carPhoto: Shutterstock

4. Pay Attention to Recalls

Recalls identify potential safety issues. Even though automakers provide free repairs for recalled vehicles, it's estimated that about 20 per cent of owners don't take advantage. Visit your automaker's website to check each vehicle's recall status.

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Man checking his brake fluidPhoto: Shutterstock

5. Replace Your Brake Fluid Every Two Years

It's hygroscopic, meaning it pulls moisture out of the air. This water contamination greatly increases the risk of brake failure.

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Mechanic checking car batteryPhoto: Shutterstock

6. Have Your Battery Checked

Avoid waiting until your car won't start to replace your battery. Have it checked every fall after the three-year mark instead. Batteries hate the cold, and one that's failing could work at 20 C but leave you stranded when temperatures plummet.

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Man getting fuel for his carPhoto: Shutterstock

7. Use the Right Grade of Fuel

Some sportier models require premium, which ignites more evenly in their higher-compression engines. Regular fuel can leave these vehicles running sluggishly.

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Man driving carPhoto: Shutterstock

8. Listen to Your Car

Open the window to check for grinding or squealing brakes, clunks when you turn the steering wheel or noisy exhaust. If you can hear a humming noise when the window is closed, it could be an under-lubricated wheel bearing. The bearing noise is speed sensitive, "so the faster you go, the louder it gets," D'Amico says.

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Time lapse photo of cars on highwayPhoto: Shutterstock

9. Go Long

During short trips, your vehicle's engine doesn't heat up enough to remove condensation, which reduces the engine oil's ability to protect moving parts. If you can't take a drive lasting at least 30 to 45 minutes each week, D'Amico advises changing your oil every three months, regardless of mileage.

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Car after being washedPhoto: Shutterstock

10. Wash Your Car Thoroughly

After every winter, use a self-serve car wash to remove salt from your vehicle's underside until the water runs clear. Otherwise, buildup can rust the floor pan or corrode electrical wiring or brake lines.

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Engine air filterPhoto: Shutterstock

11. Inspect Your Air Filter

Have the air filter inspected at every other oil change. If it gets dirty and clogged, it can cause your vehicle to use more fuel.

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Electric car plugged into chargerPhoto: Shutterstock

12. Budget for Maintenance

If you're considering a more eco-friendly vehicle, budget for maintenance. Hybrid engines still require oil changes. And while electric cars don't contain oil, you should have their brakes and steering inspected at least once a year.

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Car owner and mechanic talking at repair shopPhoto: Shutterstock

13. Select Your Repair Facility Wisely

Quick-lube shops seldom employ licensed technicians to inspect safety items such as brakes. Make sure to head to a shop with licensed techs-their provincially issued credentials will be on display-for a safety check each year.

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