20 Dog Breeds With the Longest Life Expectancy
Although the average lifespan for our furry friends is between 10 and 13 years, these particular breeds frequently reach the age of 15—and beyond.
The Longest Living Dog Breeds
You don’t want to even think about the day your cherished pooch is no longer by your side. But if you’re wondering where your own pup stands or you’re thinking about getting a specific type of dog, it’s good information to have. The bottom line: Size often plays a role in determining the longest living dog breeds. “There is a trend across mammals in general that smaller mammals live longer lives,” says Catherine Lenox, DVM, a veterinarian for Royal Canin. “There isn’t a clear reason for this—it might have something to do with the animal’s metabolism—but it does seem to be true for dogs as well.” Yet, other factors not relevant to size, such as poor genetics, unforeseen accidents, not getting enough exercise, and sudden illness, impact how long a dog lives, too.
According to Dr. Lenox, the following dog breeds often live up to 15 years or even longer. While this is by no means an all-inclusive list and there’s no guarantee that every dog noted here will live for this long, there are things you can do to help your dog live the longest, healthiest life possible. “Be proactive about preventive care, manage medical conditions with your veterinarian as needed, keep your dog in normal body condition (not too heavy and not too thin), and feed a high-quality complete and balanced diet without too many treats,” advises Dr. Lenox.
Can you imagine waking up to this adorable face for the next 15 years? Year after year, the infatuation grows when you live with a Bichon. These dogs are curious, peppy, happy, eager to please, and fun to be around—they seem to be on a mission to make everyone they meet smile. “Bichon Frises enjoy being the centre of attention,” says Callie Harris, DVM, a veterinarian with Purina. With their cheerful attitude and sweet face, we certainly wouldn’t mind the Bichon commanding our attention.
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This rugged, rough-and-tumble cutie loves the outdoors and everything in it. With its distinctive “otter head,” this gutsy and fearless woofer lives life to the fullest. “Border Terriers have a surprising ability to jump high and run fast due to the size of their legs, which are longer than most other small terriers,” says Dr. Harris. These pups, who have some of the longest dog life spans and often live between 12 and 15 years, get along with other dogs and are well suited for kiddos. They excel at tracking, agility courses, and digging, which may not be such a great thing unless you’re looking for lost treasure in your backyard.
These tiny puppers pack a lot of sass and stubbornness (or shall we say confidence) in their adorable six-pound bodies. For pet parents searching for a devoted one-person dog, the Chihuahua will be at your side for around 14 to 16 years. They love excursions on the town in a doggy purse, but just make sure you keep them warm. Because of their small size, they can’t retain body heat—even if they gain a few pounds, which Chihuahuas are prone to do. Another fun fact: They are known for having the biggest brain in the dog world. “There’s been research that shows Chihuahuas have the largest brain-to-body weight ratio of all dog breeds,” says Dr. Harris.
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The Chinese Crested is one of the few breeds often described as “cat-like” because, like cats, they’re fond of sitting in high places. They’re not going to jump up on a counter, but they’ll perch on the back of the sofa or the arm of a chair. Like a lot of cats, they also have longevity going for them and can live up to 18 years. That means you’ll get to pick out a new sweater for them every year, as the Chinese Crested hairless version will be most comfortable in a sweater to keep them warm, notes Dr. Harris.
Coton de Tulear
If you’re going to be living with the Coton de Tulear for the next 15 to 19 years, you’d better learn how to pronounce this breed’s name correctly. By the way, it’s pronounced KO-Tone-dih-TOO-lay-ARE—and make sure to say it with a French accent! According to Colleen Demling-Riley, a dog behaviourist for Dogtopia, old lore has it that the Coton de Tulear originated from a group of small white pups that swam ashore after a shipwreck in Madagascar. With that kind of tenacity, it’s no wonder they are the official dog of Madagascar. “These sweet and loyal dogs bond strongly to their families and love going everywhere with them,” says Demling-Riley.
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Call them wiener dogs or hot dogs—they don’t mind because Dachshunds are lapping up more love and popularity these days. They are currently ranked number 12 when it comes to dog breed popularity, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), and that includes all three varieties and sizes (miniature and standard in smooth, long, and wire coat). Maybe it’s their independence and bold curiosity that makes them among the longest living dog breeds. According to Guinness World Records, one miniature Dachshund named Funny actually lived for a whopping 21 years and 178 days! What doesn’t help a Dachshund’s longevity, however, is their love for eating. “Being just a few pounds overweight can pose a risk for their short legs and long backs,” notes Dr. Harris. “Because of that, they are at risk for lower-back injury often referred to as IVDD—intervertebral disk disease.”
A true conversationalist, the Finnish Spitz will talk your ear off if you let them. “Not shy to tell the whole world about their opinions, the Finnish Spitz is known to bark at other pups and people and loves to ‘chat’ about how they feel,” says Demling-Riley. In Finland, these dogs are often called “barking bird dogs” for their ability to track and hunt birds. At home, their independence and funny personalities will keep you entertained all day long, says Demling-Riley. And if you relish the lively and fun days of puppyhood, the Finnish is slow to mature—reaching adulthood at about three years. And with a life span of 13 to 15 years, you’ll have someone to keep you company for a long time.
Happy, outgoing, and friendly to humans and furry friends alike, “the Havanese is ‘the person’ commanding the room in any party you’ve ever walked into,” says Demling-Riley. If those attributes weren’t enough, these dogs can be the life of the party for up to 16 years. It should come as no surprise that this happy-go-lucky doggo lands at the number 24 spot for most popular AKC breeds. With such a cheerful disposition and affectionate nature, it’s no wonder the Havanese is an ideal therapy dog, too.
Light on their feet and light as a feather, the Italian Greyhound can live up to 15 years. These dogs might not appear cuddly with their delicate, slender bodies and fine-boned legs, but they actually love to snuggle and are quite clingy. Yet, they’re cool with sharing their heart with other family members, dogs, and strangers they meet. As far as sighthounds go, they’re smaller in size than the Greyhound but just as agile and fast, Dr. Harris says. Let them run and jump to build strong bones, but be mindful of their activity. “Be careful with these dogs, as they have a tendency to break bones easily,” she adds.
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“Originally bred to alert Tibetan monks to intruders, these ‘Zen’ pups thrive in almost all environments,” says Demling-Riley. “Drop them in the suburbs or the city and they’ll thrive.” Their strong and stubborn independent streak doesn’t affect their loyalty and affection towards family members. They like to clown around and be the centre of attention, but they tend to be more reserved with strangers. As one of the longest living dog breeds, the Lhasa Apso can live up to 15 years, and sometimes longer.
Whether a Maltese is donning a floor-length glossy coat for the show ring or sporting a puppy cut, you can’t help but be smitten with these fluffy little puppers. “Dressed in all white, their larger-than-life personality is so much bigger than their four- to six-pound body,” says Demling-Riley. “[But because of] their small stature, families should make sure they can keep a wee pup safe and happy on a day-to-day basis.” With an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years, you’ve got lots of days to hang out with this charming pup. Known for being perfectly proportioned, Maltese were fashion accessories for the lady aristocrats of the Roman Empire. You might see those expressive eyes peeking out of a woman’s sleeve in paintings depicting that time.
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Manchester Terrier (toy)
“On the verge of extinction multiple times, the Manchester Terrier is making a comeback,” says Demling-Riley. “They are high-energy and driven, which means they need direction at home. Socialization is a must to ensure pups encountered outside the home are seen as BFFFs—Best Furry Friends Forever.” Forever is more like 15 to 17 years, but that’s still plenty of time to build a steadfast friendship with you. The toy variety runs just under 12 pounds and is around a foot high. Like standard-size terriers, toy terriers are just as spirited and athletic. They still have the ratting instinct they were born with, so they love to chase tennis balls.
“Contrary to popular belief, the Min Pin is not the ‘mini’ version of the Doberman Pinscher,” explains Demling-Riley. “However, they do share a common trait—they both have a huge and outgoing personality.” They also resemble a Doberman Pinscher with their pointy ears and bobbed tail, and the coats of some Min Pins are black and tan like the Dobie. But the Min Pin is cool in its own right. It’s one of the longest living dog breeds, for starters—12 to 16 years—and then there’s that swagger. There’s no mistaking the cocky high-stepping walk of the Min Pin! It’s all good, though, because back at home, this dog is a playful and enthusiastic companion.
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A Papillon gives off a fussy air with its polished appearance, but behind those spirited eyes lies a hardy and playful pup. “With a personality as large as their ears, Papillons tend to be the party pup in the room,” says Demling-Riley. “The breed thrives in social settings and excels at agility, obedience, public manners, and even retrieving.” They adapt to warm or cool climates and can be happy in the city or the country, and they’re happy to play with toys indoors or chase squirrels in the backyard. Maybe being content in all scenarios is what helps the Papillon live up to 16 years.
It’s no surprise Poms are the 23rd most popular dog breed according to the AKC. Not only do they rank high among the longest living dog breeds (they can live up to 16 years), but they also retain their fox-like adorableness well into their senior years. Like many breeds of the spitz family, “Pomeranians are full of energy and fiercely loyal,” Dr. Harris says. Their spitz genes also give them loads of snuggle-worthy floof, giving them a heftier appearance, but Poms weigh less than seven pounds and are only about 10 inches tall. Their pint-size stature doesn’t alter their confidence, though. They strut their stuff like a confident big dog and can be a little cocky and aggressive. But when they’re with their humans, they’re all warm and friendly.
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Poodles come in three delightful sizes: standard, miniature, and toy. The toy is just 10 inches tall and is light as a feather, weighing about five pounds. Poodles—of all varieties—were the number one dog breed from 1960 to 1982. Today they rank seventh on the AKC’s popular breed chart. Their timeless appeal is no secret: Poodles are hopelessly devoted to their families and friendly to strangers, other dogs, and pets. Not to mention, as one of the longest living dog breeds, they’ll be a loyal companion for 12 to 14 years. Plus, they’re wicked smart. “Poodles are highly intelligent dogs, and they tend to be extremely intuitive,” says Dr. Harris.
Legend has it that the Rat Terrier got its name from Teddy Roosevelt, who had a mixed terrier breed that helped combat the rat infestation in the White House. Yet “rat” hardly seems appropriate for this dog with an adorable and friendly face. Still, it is a feisty and stubborn canine. “A true terrier breed, these opinionated pups need to know ‘why’ they should listen before they actually respond,” says Demling-Riley. “Consistent boundaries, obedience training, and positive reinforcement ensure they reach their full potential.” And since they can live 12 to 18 years, they have plenty of time to reach that full potential.
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When you live with a Shih Tzu, it’s a long-lasting mutual love affair that will last 10 to 18 years. “Shih Tzus are great family dogs. They love to be loved and give it back very easily,” says Dr. Harris. That could be why they’re the 20th most popular dog breed on the annual AKC list. Or maybe it’s because they’re oh-so-snuggly as lap dogs and have endearing, sweet expressions you could get lost in for days. Take them out for a walk and they’ll charm everyone they meet in human or furry form.
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West Highland White Terrier
It’s a pretty big name for a little dog that hails from Scotland. Like most small dogs, the Westie has a big personality, with a touch of stubbornness and admirable independence…except for when you call them and they ignore you. But all is forgiven when that irresistibly cute face comes back to bop you in the nose. Demling-Riley says they adapt well to most living situations, but they do best with children over 10 years of age. You can’t blame a pooch who doesn’t have a lot of tolerance for a kid pulling on their tail or messing with their floof.
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Since 1995, Yorkies have been a top 10 breed, according to the AKC. And it’s easy to see why so many people are smitten with these adorable nuggets. They have a long list of admirable qualities—including a life expectancy of 11 to 15 years. “They make excellent ‘purse’ dogs,” Dr. Harris says, averaging seven pounds and eight inches tall. Like many terriers, Yorkies are spunky, lively, and at times mischievous. They are also eager to please and extremely food motivated, adds Dr. Harris. Maybe that’s why they learn new tricks so easily. But they tend to get bored quickly and come up with their own form of entertainment—like hiding your socks.
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