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15 Everyday Items You Had No Idea Were Made By NASA

The camera in your phone, the insulation in your walls, and that oh-so-comfortable mattress you sink into nightly: You can thank NASA for these—and more.

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memory foamPhoto: CDSTOCKS/SHUTTERSTOCK

1. Memory Foam

You know the stuff inside of your mattress that makes sleeping in your bed infinitely more comfortable because it conforms to your body? That’s memory foam, which was developed by NASA in 1987. Despite being beloved by sleepers worldwide, memory foam was originally created by space program researchers looking for a way to keep their test pilots cushioned during flights.

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take photo phonePhoto: BLACKZHEEP/SHUTTERSTOCK

2. Digital Image Sensors

It was NASA who integrated digital image sensors into your smartphone camera, GoPro, and the DSLR that cost you an arm and leg. In the mid-1990s at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, scientists discovered technology to build sensors that used less power and were easier to mass produce than the methods of the time, helping usher in the world of digital photography.

Find out how to take postcard-perfect pictures on your smartphone.

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precision GPSPhoto: VICTORITY/SHUTTERSTOCK

3. Precision GPS

You may remember a time when GPS was a little less than perfect at finding your position. Beginning in the mid-1990s, the Jet Propulsion Lab’s staff began developing precision GPS software that could correct those errors, which not only helps pilots and sailors, but phones, cars, and—believe it or not—self-driving farm equipment.

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LED lightPhoto: DK SAMCO/SHUTTERSTOCK

4. LED a.m./p.m. Light Bulbs

These dual-hued bulbs are designed to increase alertness during the daytime and dim when you should be winding down. In 2015, the National Space Biomedical Research Program had a team build a prototype, and found that different colours—or wavelengths—of light can help people stay alert or become drowsy.

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baby formulaPhoto: 279PHOTO STUDIO/SHUTTERSTOCK

5. Healthier Baby Formula

While developing meal replacements for astronauts travelling to Mars, researchers stumbled on a form of omega-3 fatty acids previously only found in breast milk—and vital to infant development. Now the fat is added to more than 90 per cent of infant formula on the market.

Here are six spooky facts you never knew about the moon.

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freeze dried foodPhoto: SUJITRA CHAOWDEE/SHUTTERSTOCK

6. Food Safety Storage

NASA partnered with Pillsbury to create a new standard for safe and healthy freeze-dried foods that’s now followed worldwide and benefits everyone. The standard extends storage life and reduces the risk of contamination from bacteria and chemicals.

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invisalignPhoto: GEMAIBARRA/SHUTTERSTOCK

7. Invisible Braces

You’re no doubt aware of Invisalign and the Direct Smile Club: Invisible braces are a great way to avoid being labelled Brace-Face. Thanks go to NASA, who helped develop the clear ceramic in a partnership with 3M Products.

Plus: Does Your Child Really Need Braces?

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swimsuitPhoto: PATRICK B. KRAEMER/EPA/SHUTTERSTOCK

8. The Speedo LZR Swimsuit

In 2008, NASA’s Langley Research Center helped Speedo test materials and seams in NASA’s wind tunnel for drag. The result was the Speedo LZR Racer swimsuit worn by numerous medal winners in that year’s Olympics, including Katie Hoff, who praised it for its sleek design.

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Green fresh salad leaves covered raindrops at the garden, top viewPhoto: ALEXANDER VOLKE/SHUTTERSTOCK

9. Plant-Air Purifiers

A gas released by plants tends to build up in the closed-off environment of a space station. That’s why NASA scientists developed an ethylene scrubber for the International Space Station—and now the same technology is used by grocery stores to keep produce fresh longer and winemakers to avoid spoilage, among numerous other uses.

Don’t miss the most mind-boggling discoveries scientists made in 2017.

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glassesPhoto: CGDEAW/SHUTTERSTOCK

10. Scratch-Resistant Eyeglasses

Some of the first research into the eyeglass coatings we take for granted was done at NASA’S Ames Research Center to improve astronaut helmet visors and the membranes of water purification systems. In the 1980s, the scientists applied the science to eyeglasses, goggles, sunglasses, and safety masks to provide protection and enhance colours.

An MIT professor called this “the hardest logic puzzle in the world.”

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dust busterPhoto: SERGEY MIRONOV/SHUTTERSTOCK

11. The Dustbuster

Everyone’s famous handheld vacuum comes courtesy of NASA, too, after the agency partnered with Black & Decker to build battery-operated tools for collecting samples from the moon’s surfaces during exploration. The device was so good at collecting samples—and so handy—that it was quickly adopted for use in hospitals, industry, and your home. From there, it was a quick step to hand-held cordless tools.

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space blanketPhoto: FABRICE COFFRINI/EPA/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK

12. Space Blankets

NASA’s space blankets save lives in the wilderness every year: They were first developed by in 1973 when the Skylab-3 Mission required a sun shield to insulate the satellite itself. Now they’re found in every decent emergency and disaster kit.

Check out our expert guide for navigating life’s scariest perils and everyday frustrations.

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cochlear implantPhoto: DAILY ECHO/SOLENT NEWS/REX/SHUTTERSTOCK

13. Cochlear Implants

In the late 1970s, Adam Kissiah Jr., a hearing-impaired engineer stationed at NASA’s famed Kennedy Space Center was frustrated with the state of hearing aids; the devices could only amplify sound, not make it clearer. Kissiah tapped technological advances in electronic sensing systems, telemetry, and sound and vibration sensors to develop cochlear implants: These produce digital pulses to stimulate the auditory nerve endings and send clear, more definitive hearing signals back to the brain.

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sneakersPhoto: PETER BERNIK/SHUTTERTOCK

14. Sneaker Cushioning Gel

In an effort to lighten astronauts’ suits and equipment, NASA developed suits with blow rubber molding. Not only did the material shave the 30-pound suits by a third, but the fireproof material also became the basis for the soles of athletic sneakers. Make that one more big step for mankind.

Read on to find out how to find the best shoe for you, according to science.

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radiant insulationPhoto: SERGIO FOTO/SHUTTERSTOCK

15. Radiant Home Insulation

Radiant barrier technology was developed by NASA over 40 years ago to normalize temperatures aboard spacecraft and stations. But it wasn’t until 2004 that it found a use in homes: Called Eagleshield, the barrier can be applied to increase the efficiency of home insulation, further reducing heating and cooling bills.

Next, read up on the 51 facts you always believed that are actually false.

Originally Published on Reader's Digest