1. Excessive Hiding
Cats love a good hiding spot, but if you notice your kitty is spending more time under the bed or in hard-to-reach places, it could signal that something’s wrong. “Owners often tell me they notice when their cat is ill if they’re usually social but have been spending more time in new hiding spots, or that they stop coming out at feeding time,” says Jake Zaidel, DVM, founder of Malta Animal Hospital in upstate New York and a member of the American Veterinary Medical Association. While excessive hiding is a general sign that something is off with your cat—not necessarily cancer—it’s still a good idea to see a vet, he says.
2. Weight Loss
Weight loss is the number-one cat cancer symptom Dr. Zaidel says he sees. It’s often the sign of a gastrointestinal tumour. “When cats are usually food-motivated but start to turn up their nose and don’t want to eat, that’s very concerning,” he says. Cancer can also cause cats to lose weight while maintaining their regular appetite. If you notice your cat shedding pounds, either rapidly or slowly, make an appointment with your vet.
3. Mouth Changes
Sores, lumps, a strange odour, bleeding, or a change in gum colour can be a sign of oral cancer, particularly in older cats. This cancer sign in cats often goes unnoticed for too long. “We commonly find visible oral tumours because people don’t examine their pet’s mouth,” says Zaidel. “Many oral tumours can be really devastating because people don’t find them until it’s really advanced.” He also suggests brushing on a regular basis. It’s a good idea to watch when your pet yawns or eats, advises Timothy Rocha, DVM, an oncology specialist in New York City. See a vet if you notice something out of the ordinary.
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Nosebleeds are never normal, says Dr. Rocha. “With an older cat, a nosebleed is particularly worrisome. It can be a sign of cancer in the nose,” he says. “With younger cats, I would worry more about something like a foreign object stuck up there before cancer.”
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5. Diarrhea or Changes in Bathroom Habits
Occasional diarrhea usually isn’t a sign of cancer, says Dr. Rocha, but if it persists or gets worse, bring your cat to the vet. Excessive litter box use, difficulty peeing/moving bowels, or blood in urine or stool are also potential signs of cancer, according to PetMD.com. Pay attention to frequent vomiting—it could just be hairballs or upset stomach, but it’s also a presenting sign of GI tumours, says Dr. Zaidel.
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Persistent discharge from the nose or eyes is cause for concern, says Dr. Zaidel. Nasal discharge is a common sign of facial tumours, and eye discharge can signal an eye tumour.
Seizures can be a sign of brain tumours in cats, most often seen in older cats with cancer, says Dr. Zaidel. If you start to notice sudden and uncontrolled bursts of activity, like champing and chewing, jerking of the legs, or foaming at the mouth, your cat could be experiencing seizures and you should see a vet immediately, according to WebMD.com. Cats can also suffer atypical seizures, which aren’t classic convulsions but instead manifest as fits of strange behaviour, like sudden rage or hysteria, excessive licking or chewing, or scratching or biting their owner.
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8. Skin Changes
“Every lump, bump, or skin change should be checked,” says Dr. Zaidel. “It could be benign or cancerous, but it’s always easier to treat the earlier it’s caught.” Feel for bumps, lumps, or swelling as you pet your cat. If you notice something iffy, don’t delay—there’s no way to distinguish between a lump that’s benign or malignant without taking a sample. Also pay attention to any sores that won’t heal or lesions that seem itchy or painful.
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9. Weight Gain
Sudden weight gain or bloating can be a sign of cancer, specifically GI, in cats. If your cat is eating less but seems to be bulking up, take a trip to the vet, says Rocha. A sudden spike in appetite also warrants a visit.
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10. General Pain or Discomfort
“Pain is a rather substantial sign of cancer,” says Dr. Zaidel. If your cat is normally a snuggler but starts to cry out when you pick him up, a doctor’s visit is in order.
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Originally published as 11 Warning Signs of Cancer in Cats That Every Owner Should Know on ReadersDigest.com.